Arthur Welsh: The First American Jewish Aviator

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Arthur Welsh and Lieutenant Henry H. Arnold

Arthur Welsh and Lieutenant Hazelhurst, before a flight test in the Wright C airplane at College Park. The Army required the new plane to be capable of climbing 2000 feet in ten minutes with a 450-pound load (with fuel for four hours) and have a minimum speed of 45 miles per hour.
Photo courtesy of College Park Aviation Museum, Jesse Ayer Collection

In May 1912, the Wright Brothers sent Welsh to the U.S. Army Aviation School at the College Park Airfield in Maryland to serve as a civilian test pilot for a new plane on order from the War Department. Commuting every day from his father-in-law's home on H Street, SW via streetcar, Welsh made 16 official test flights of the new Wright C airplane during May and June 1912.