The Scrapbook Thickens
By 1880, many of Washington’s 1,500 Jews were second-generation Americans and established merchants. Most practiced Reform Judaism. They were soon joined by a new wave of Jewish immigrants fleeing Eastern Europe’s pogroms, poverty, and forced military service. Mostly Orthodox Jews, the newcomers settled in downtown neighborhoods and formed small shuls within walking distance of their homes.
By 1920, Washington’s Jewish population numbered 10,000. Some Jews established local chapters of Zionist organizations and sent hard-earned dollars to support Jewish settlement in Palestine.