In 1906, newly arrived Russian immigrants converted a church at 5th and I Streets, NW, to establish Ohev Sholom, the third synagogue in the 7th Street neighborhood.
Members of Ohev Sholom had first met in 1886 above Myer Fisher’s clothing store on 7th Street, NW. Across town, residents of Southwest founded Talmud Torah Congregation in 1887. Six years later, they built a new synagogue at 467 E Street, SW. Following the migration of Jewish families out of Southwest and uptown, Talmud Torah moved to 14th and Emerson Streets, NW, into the former home of B’nai Israel. In 1951, they began sharing space in the Hebrew Academy of Washington’s new school building on upper 16th Street.
Facing declining memberships, the congregations merged in 1958. In 1960, Ohev Sholom Talmud Torah built a stately white limestone synagogue at 16th and Jonquil Streets, NW, across the street from Tifereth Israel.
Members who had moved to Olney, Maryland created a synagogue branch near their homes in 1994. The Olney synagogue is now independent.
Recently, with membership on the rise, the District shul has begun making plans to invigorate a growing modern Orthodox community in Shepherd Park and nearby Silver Spring.