Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington | Lillian & Albert Small Jewish Museum
Object of the Month
 

Seder photoJuly 2014

Photograph of frozen custard shop, c.1946

Object No. 2011.23.27
Donor: Douglas Sherman
Description:Photograph of Williams Frozen Custard Store (ca. 1946), owned by Simon Sherman who later helped build Wheaton Plaza, the Washington area’s first shopping mall.

 

A Custard Stand and the First Shopping Mall

For some people, a summer job dishing up ice cream or frozen custard for Washington’s sweltering denizens and visitors might be an occupation between school years. Yet, for Simon Sherman (1916-1993), it was a stepping stone that led the Washington area’s first shopping mall: Wheaton Plaza.

Nathan Krupsaw standing in doorway of the Old Antique Shop, 817 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, ca. 1910.
JHSGW Collections.

A native Washingtonian, Simon Sherman came from a family of entrepreneurs. His father Benjamin (1881-1957) owned New England Furriers (717 12th Street, NW), and his grandfather Nathan and uncle Simon Krupsaw owned a well-known antique store at 817 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW. Sherman graduated from Wilson High School and the National University Law School, now part of George Washington University. He served in the Army Corps of Engineers and married Rose Bernard Sherman in 1946.

 

Sherman with employees of Williams Frozen Custard, ca. 1940s. JHSGW Collections.

Sherman and business partner Seymour Weinreb owned Williams Frozen Custard at 816 Florida Avenue, NW. Sherman was involved in the business in the mid-1940s, between returning from military service in Europe and being recalled to serve in the Korean War. These photos of the business’s exterior and interior illustrate that Sherman and Weinreb eschewed the discriminatory practices of some white business owners. He employed both white and African Americans at a time when many white business owners, including many in Washington, D.C., refused to employ, let alone serve African Americans. Protests, demonstrations, and sit-ins across the District throughout the 1940s convinced some business owners to cease discriminatory practices.

Menu at Williams Store
Frozen Custard, ca. 1940s.
JHSGW Collections.

Visitors to Williams Frozen Custard could purchase as little as a cone or as a much as a quart of fresh frozen custard. Even today, most frozen custard is available only at shops that produce it on-site. Less common than traditional ice cream, frozen custard is a smoother and richer version made by adding egg yolks to ice cream. In shops like Williams Frozen Custard, ingredients are combined through a process similar to whisking, and then frozen within and served from a refrigerated tube, similar to soft-serve ice cream. The extra fats help the dessert remain solid for a longer period of time than ice cream.

From Custard Shop to Shopping Center

Sherman’s interest in slinging custard did not last long, and, by the end of the 1940s, he sold Williams Frozen Custard and founded a real-estate investment and construction company. The spread of Washington, D.C.’s population into the suburbs was picking up steam, and Sherman moved to join the building boom in Montgomery County, MD. He set his sights on the fledgling commercial district in Wheaton.

Sherman joined forces with a team of investors including the Gudelsky family of Contee Sand & Gravel, Co., Theodore N. Lerner, and H. Max Ammerman, and, in 1954, they purchased 80 acres of farmland at the corner of Veirs Mill Road and University Boulevard. They intended to erect a large, welcoming shopping mall that would be the anchor for a new retail district serving the growing neighborhoods nearby.

Sherman in front of the
Wheaton Plaza development
office, ca. 1950s.
JHSGW Collections.

In February 1960, Wheaton Plaza opened. It was the first shopping mall in the Washington area. Sherman was a driving force behind publicity for the mall. His desk was deluged with telegrams and letters of interest from retailers as far away as the Midwest. The mall’s stores – many established by local Jewish entrepreneurs – ringed a central, outdoor plaza, which soon became a popular gathering place. Over the next three decades, Sherman developed retail and housing throughout Montgomery County, including in Wheaton, Silver Spring, and Gaithersburg.

Wheaton Plaza fell on hard times in the 1990s as several of its long-time anchor stores went out of business. More recently, population growth and investment in Wheaton and Silver Spring has improved the venerable mall’s fortunes. New retailers and renovations have once again made Wheaton Plaza (now called Wheaton Mall) a hub of communal and social life.

And it started with a frozen custard shop.